A prostitute is a person who indulges in sex activities for money. Prostitution is condemned in most of the societies especially by the church which views the business as immoral and ungodly (Outshoorn 2005 p 473). However, there are societies that support it by legalizing and licensing the entrepreneurs. Prostitutes, who are mostly women, are referred to by many names depending on their area of operation. These names are for example hookers, whores, escort etc. This essay is a critical evaluation of prostitution as a business in the society.
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Prostitution is a business that has for a long time established itself even in those countries that does not recognize it as a legal profession. An example of a country where prostitution is legalized is Netherlands though advertisement of vacancies is prohibited. In this country, prostitution businesses are well organized with the owners being licensed to operate brothels (Outshoorn 2005 p 485). A brothel is a building that is used to house the prostitutes as they carry out their activities, owned by a Madame (woman) or a pimp (man). With these settings, the government earns revenue from the licensing and also creates employment opportunities for unemployed women who willingly venture into this business. Legalizing or not legalizing the business is an issue that is mostly faced with controversy. This is because of the fact that even as the debate to deal with the issue goes on, prostitution continues to be exercised in the dark without the knowledge of the authorities.
Every business requires excellent skills and strategies to attract potential customers and prostitution is not an exception. The women in the business know how to advertise their services through exposure and seduction which requires minimal training to achieve. To accomplish this, they wear clothing items that scarcely covers their bodies targeting the ability of their clients to respond positively to their feminine bodies. Compared to other professions, prostitutes earn more income which most of the times go untaxed (Weitzer 2009 p 90). This is due to the failure to legalize the business and view it as any other trade. Due to this, most of the business is done on the streets at night making it risky and unsafe for the participants who expose themselves to dangers of rape and fraudulent customers who fail to pay for the delivered services.
Prostitution in itself is a risky business both to the prostitute and the client. This is due to the prevailing chances of contracting venereal diseases that result from unsafe sex. Where it is legal, medical attention is given to the prostitutes in order to fulfill the requirements for licensing (Outshoorn 2005 p 475). However, the opponents’ claims that disregard the medical examinations conducted on the prostitutes can be substantiated by the fact that they do not account for the clients who could be infected therefore increasing the chances of transmitting the infections without their knowledge. In this era of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases, prostitution should be banned completely from the society so as to control the spread of killer diseases.
Prostitution encourages other crimes for example women and child trafficking in order to sustain the brothels. As a result, underage children and unwilling adults find themselves participating in the prostitution business where they are forced to work without proper remuneration (Giusta et al 2009 p 510). This is a threat to the society which should be eliminated by all governments which should make efforts to ensure that prostitution is removed completely from the society. All avenues should be used be it the church, political or justice systems to monitor the activities of the prostitutes. Strict laws with heavy penalties should be passed to punish the offenders and to instill fear in those who intend to get into prostitution. Social education on morals should also be introduced in schools to create a stronger foundation for eliminating prostitution. This would influence the perception of the young citizens towards prostitution therefore developing a culture that is free from immorality.
Prostitution is an immoral business that is evident in most of the countries world wide. Debates have been going on whether to legalize it or to condemn it. Religious institutions have stood their ground on the issue stating it as immoral and ungodly therefore opposing the attempts to legalize it. However, some countries for example Netherlands have legalized the business, licensing brothels and availing medical care to the prostitutes. This has made the trade safer reducing the chances of contracting venereal diseases and also enhancing responsibility among the participants. While at it, the risk of acquiring new illnesses from the clients who are left out of the screening process is a possibility that cannot be overlooked.
On the other hand, illegalizing the trade cannot be enough solution since monitoring the activities of the escorts cannot be fully achieved without the coordination of the various security and judicial organs, which in most cases lack the potential of controlling the vice due to the tactics used by the illegal prostitutes to mask their activities. This makes it more unsafe and also encourages street prostitution which is done in secluded places which are difficult to find and that are controlled by illegal business men who do not care about the welfare of their employees. Cases of Child and adult trafficking to sustain the brothels have also risen due to the prostitution business therefore calling for intervention from all avenues to stop the trade.
- Weitzer R. “Legalizing Prostitution: Morality Politics in Western Australia”, British journal of criminology, 49.1 (2009): 88 – 105.
- Giusta M., Tommaso M., Strom S. “Who is watching? The market for prostitution services,” Journal of Population Economics, 22.2 (2009): 501-516
- Outshoorn J. “Debating Prostitution in Parliament”, European Journal of Women’s Studies, 8.4 (2005): 472-490