Sample Essay on Guided practice for low and high learners

Second grade is usually the point at which students make a transition to fluency reading. However, individual students often have varying levels reading skills. They can be grouped into three different groups: low, average or high. Reading comprehensions, usually in the form of a paragraph is one of the regular exercises in second grade classes. The particular skills taught in this class are sharpening reading, writing and text-interpretation skills. Reading comprehension lessons help students attain an upper hand in mastering the essential reading, writing, and interpretative skills.

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Adjusting guided and independent practice of reading skills for students having difficulties in reading involves putting them into a special reading class. In these special reading classes, the students will benefit from assisted reading where the teacher reads a passage with an individual or group of students. During special classes, the teacher guides the students to think like good readers – anticipating, predicting, and then confirming and modifying their ideas as it unfolds. This works through giving students with reading difficulties phonological cues. For the students progressing at a faster time than others adjustment will include implementing and sustaining efforts that make sure flexible pacing, cluster grouping, differentiated curriculum, and other comprehensive interventions are available to them. A specific adjustment for the fast learners will be to adjust their reading strategy to purpose. This will involve giving them different genres and amounts of reading so that they distinguish among different reading purposes and adjust their reading speed accordingly.

Formal and informal assessments are among the techniques suitable for monitoring student performance in order to adjust interactive instruction. Formal assessments are systematized with rigorous systems for administering and scoring, while informal assessments are periodic checks that help teachers gather pertinent information about the student on the school setting. Others include summative assessments, which involve gathering of information at a specific completion stage, and standardized tests as well as activities such as essays and writing samples testing, performance assessment, demonstrations, simulations, oral presentations, and analysis of case studies. Other monitoring strategies include engagement in learning, questioning, and previewing.

Use of certain methods in classroom instruction can improve performance. Some of the adjustments that can be adopted in instruction include the use of interactive and mastery teaching methods, in which the teacher continually monitors students’ performance and provides more intensive support such as tutoring or cooperative learning groups to increase the educational and cognitive development of all students. Sometimes, individual tutoring can also be used to improve student achievement. Formative evaluation enables teachers to determine their next course of action i.e. whether to go back and reteach. In teaching, the teacher may use a different instructional method from the one used to teach the skills the first time. Alternatively, more practice using a similar instructional method may be used while reinforcing basic skills and content. Another monitoring action includes error detection through inference and integration where students read or listen to short texts containing types of errors so they are actively engaged in the evaluation of understanding.

In conclusion, students have different levels of progress in reading. Assessment plays a remarkable pivotal role in the instructional process since it gives teachers a chance to adjust their instruction methods effectively to the needs of the students. Teachers get the information necessary to determine the way forward or how much time or further assistance is required to the individual or group of students. With the data obtained through performance monitoring techniques, the weaknesses and strengths of each student are highlighted and used as guidance on their instruction, progress and achievement.


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