With the advent of globalization, geographic boundaries as constraints to mobility have been fading away, giving way to massive mobility of human populations across different parts of the globe. This dramatic movement of population across the world derives from, the search for better intellectual insights, better economic prospects, and civil unrest among other factors. Migration is a phenomenal aspect towards understanding humanity in the contemporary world. In this vein, Yasmin Islam’s case of migration into Australia, culminates into an analysis of the push and pull factors informing the cause of migration such as maintaining links between family and friends, understanding the host culture and trans-nationalism among other factors.
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Yasmin is an Australian immigrant expressing her immigration experience into Australia. Yasmeen is explaining her case of migration to Australia. Yasmeeen says that she and her husband, accompanied by their two children are in Australia to seek better intellectual insights. Yasmeen had not imagined any separation between her and family. She explains saying that family is an important institution. In addition, Yasmeen was surprised at the civilization in Australia, so different from other places of the world.
The experience of Yasmeen as an immigrant is strikingly amazing. Yasmeen says the mention of the Australia was in Geography lessons. In fact, Yasmin says that, Australia is a distinct place with unique animal species. Yasmeen says that Australia is actually a civilized world, something that she appreciates. While Yasmeen is appreciative of Australia, she says that, this affected her, as family interconnectedness was hard to overlook. In this regard, Yasmin explains that she was going through bereavement of her mother, when her daughter was born, labeling this a very traumatizing experience, as she had to relocate to another country.
Yasmeen’s experience in Australia is a point of revolution. Her experience in Australia pushed Yasmeen into comparative analysis as regards how nation-states value humanity. Yasmeen says that, she was able to learn human dignity in Australia, something that her Bangladesh background lacked as class and caste system determined placement. The experience in Australia revitalizes the meaning of human dignity, as people are valued equally.
Reasons for migration (Search for better Economic opportunity)
The search for better intellectual insights is undoubtedly the result of globalization. While migration explanations may be social, political, cultural, and even economic, the search for better intellectual insights, accounts for migration experiences. According to the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) report in 2005, Australia has an escalating immigration of academics and scientists on a long-term basis at 4823 in the recent decade compared to 1283 in 1993-96 (OECD 2005). The case of Yasmeen Islam in the video was based on the search for better intellectual insights. Additionally, Yasmeen explains that, the level of civilization in Australia is a notch higher compared to other parts of the world. Grappling with this civilization was part of academia. In this vein, the search for academia is an invigorating element towards the evaluation of the migration process in the new wave of globalization.
With the advent of human resources in science and technology, the modern economy is rendered moribund without the influence of expatriates from these domains. Invitations to international mobility of scholars are inevitable, for purposes of contributing to science and innovation, and research at large (OECD 2005).
Push and Pull factors that fueled the Migration process.
While Yasmeen Islam accounts for her migration into Australia, as motivated by the search for better intellectual insights, Australia presents a myriad factors that entice immigrants. Multiculturalism, for instance, creates room for cultural relativism (Leuner 2007). Through the lens of multiculturalism, immigrants do not experience social exclusion. Convergence of different cultures draws many to Australia. This cultural mix derives from the Australia’s historical account of early European settlement and immigration currents, from diversified parts of the world. In the 2001 Australian Census, it was found that, Australians had descent inclinations from over 200 countries of the world, 21.9% were born overseas, 20% of them having one parent born overseas, and 13.3% of the population were born in non-English speaking countries (Leuner 2007). Lingual diversity is yet another key aspect, fueling immigration to Australia. Leuner (2007) illustrates that, about 240 languages are spoken in Australia, of which 64 were by aboriginals and Torres Strait Islander people.
Besides, what Yasmeen Islam, spoke of Australia as the land of great intellectual invigoration, socio-political stability betters the stay in Australia. Australia has not had a history of racial prejudice compared to other continents, and markedly, the Apartheid South Africa. In addition, Australia has a rich multicultural history. History documents that, the discovery of Australia in 1788, had about 300, 000 people were aborigine, going back to the last Ice Age (Leuner 2007). Such racial diversity has no ground for racial prejudice, drawing more immigrants to Australia.
Do Migrants maintain links with their homeland and friends?
The migratory process under the new wave of globalization, impacts on the family institution. As outlined in the case of Yasmeen Islam, in the interview she outlines, vitality attached to family. Yasmeen in the interview talked of the difficulty of losing family interconnectedness. Castles (2002) elaborates on the idea of migration using the temporary migration model, upon which the migrant workers maintained links and affiliation with their native countries. Yasmeen Islam’s case of migration to Australia is congruent to the temporary migration model. Yasmeen and the immediate family stated their migration to Australia purely based on intellectual reasons, maintaining links with the wider family in Bangladesh. In this case, their stay in Australia was temporary as they maintained affiliation with their family in Bangladesh, well articulated by the temporary model.
The Migrant’s experience
Yasmeen Islam appreciates Australia for its civilization, sense of goodwill, and good academia. Nonetheless, Yasmeen explains a predicament of “being torn between two worlds.” The feeling of loss is inevitable. For instance, Yasmeen Islam explains that, detaching from the family is something she had not grappled with. The migration experience, leads to emotional charging, as delinking from home is a process and not an event. In addition, feelings of homelessness and loss may be fueled by migrant-specific predicaments (Svasek 2008). For instance, the geographic disparities between the migrant and their relatives alongside other visa restrictions may account for migrants’ difficulties in maintaining close touch. Yasmeen Islam had mentioned going through bereavement of her mother at the time, she was moving into Australia. This experience made Yasmeen to feel misplaced; succumbing to guilt as though moving to Australia portrayed her as unfeeling. Yasmeen also mentioned in the interview that, she would be willing to go back home. Svasek (2008) highlights migrants have a special attachment to their native countries. Thus, Migration experience is one marred with feelings of loss, anger, and disorientation.
Trans-nationalism accentuates the fact that, populations of diverse social worlds operate in physical places and communities in two or even more nation-states (Vertovec 2001). While listening to the case of Yasmin Islam, the migrant has deep appreciation for the culture and the people of Australia, saying that she counts it worthy to return to Australia. Migrants with a touch of duality, a crucial component of trans-nationalism are likely to appreciate the host cultures.
Trans-nationalism, in the wisdom of Vertovec (2001) connotes migrants’ conformity or repulsion to shifts in globalization. In this regard, the case of Yasmin Islam illustrates trans-nationalism, given that Yasmin had expressed appreciation over Australia’s civilization. Migrants demonstrating trans-nationalist tendencies are likely to acclimatize to the host culture, a sharp contrast with migrants who show ethnocentrism. Yasmin Islam’s case demonstrates trans-nationalism.
As envisaged, migration has seen a dramatic shift of populations across diversified parts of the world. With the advent of globalization, migration is inevitable as populations suppress geographic barriers for better economic prospects, intellectual insights, and scientific innovation among other factors. While globalization is reflective of a growing world, nonetheless, it could mean harm to the migrants, particularly if conformity is compromised. However, migration will undoubtedly continue to influence the global markets. The challenge is to turn migration resourceful, as globalization and migration perpetually shape nation-states’
Castles, S 2002, “Migration, and community formation under conditions of globalization”, International Migration Review, Vol. 36, No. 4, pp 1143-1168
Leuner, B 2007, Migration, multiculturalism, and language Maintenance in Australia: Polish migration into Melbourne in the 1980s. Bern: Peter Lang AG, International Academic Publishers
NSW Migration Heritage Centre 2008, Yasmeen Islam’s migration Story to Australia, Accessed September 25, 2012 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cdMlK_JXGf
OECD 2008, The global competition for talent: mobility of the highly skilled. OECD Publishing.
Svasek, M 2008, “Who cares? Families and feelings in Movement”, Journal of Intercultural Studies, Vol. 29, No. 3, pp 213-230
Vertovec, S 2001, Trans-nationalism, and identity”, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, Vol. 27, No. 4, pp 573-582.